Caries is a dangerous and complex disease. It proceeds slowly, affects hard tooth tissues and leads to its complete destruction. Caries is also the cause of many serious diseases not only in the oral cavity, but also in the body as a whole. At the same time, caries-affected teeth make the smile not aesthetic, an unpleasant odor comes out of the mouth.
Almost every one of us has experienced this disease at least once in a lifetime. Recently, more and more often children are exposed to caries, for whom the development of caries is even more dangerous than for adults. Toothbrushing from caries by the dentist is a mandatory procedure not only for a beautiful smile, but also for your health and the health of your children.
Causes of caries
The root cause of caries are pathogenic bacteria that accumulate on enamel and lead to the destruction of the hard tissue of the tooth.
The appearance of carious bacteria is preceded by a violation of the microflora of the oral cavity due to the predominance of carbohydrate food in the diet. Flourish, sweet, refusal of vegetables lead to the fact that bacteria accumulate on the teeth, bonding with the tooth due to the mineral salts contained in saliva.
Low immunity and problems with the gastrointestinal tract also contribute to the appearance and development of caries. The body is not able to independently cope with the bacteria entering the body, and the teeth are exposed to carious damage.
Irregular or improper brushing. In order to minimize the number of carious bacteria in the oral cavity, it is necessary to remove them in a timely manner. However, even brushing your teeth twice a day and rinsing your mouth after eating cannot guarantee complete protection of your teeth from caries. Bacteria can accumulate in places inaccessible to the toothbrush.
Violation of the visit to the dentist. Dentists around the world recommend conducting routine examinations of the oral cavity at least once every six months, and in children with milk teeth – once every three months. Only timely toothbrushing from caries at the dentist can guarantee the elimination of caries at an early stage of development and the prevention of its occurrence again.
Infection of children with caries from those adults who care for it. Since bacteria are the cause of tooth decay, it can be transmitted from one person to another. When caring for a small child, the slightest contact of your saliva with the child’s oral cavity can lead to caries on his teeth. Therefore, it is very important for young parents to monitor the health of their teeth.
Types of caries and methods for its treatment
In dentistry, it is customary to distinguish 4 types of caries, each of which differs in the depth of damage to the carious disease of the tooth tissue:
Caries in the spot stage (white or dark). This stage is the initial one. A stain appears on the surface of the tooth, which may darken over time. In this case, the enamel still retains its luster, and deeply the tooth tissue is not damaged. The treatment of caries in the spot stage occurs by grinding the tooth at the lesion until the spot disappears completely.
Superficial caries. In this type of caries, tooth decay is affected, but dentin is not yet infected. The enamel in the place of caries softens, which is set by the doctor during an instrumental examination. Treatment of superficial caries can be carried out by various methods, the purpose of each of which is to remove the damaged area of the tooth and restore it. Remineralization of the tooth is also carried out.
With moderate caries, tooth decay reaches not only enamel, but also dentin. The affected area of the tooth is removed, in its place a strong seal is placed. This stage of carious disease precedes the most dangerous type of caries.
Deep caries is the latest form of caries, in which all the tissues of the tooth are affected, which leads to its complete destruction. The tooth is affected so deep in the dentin that there is a risk of infection of the tooth pulp, which leads to the appearance of pulpitis and other serious diseases. Treating deep caries is a complex process. For the purpose of preserving a damaged tooth, a multilayer filling is placed, which must meet not only the requirements for strength, but also for aesthetics. Indeed, in fact, it replaces the affected tooth. In some cases, it is more advisable to depulpate the tooth (remove the nerve). Teeth badly damaged by deep caries are covered with a crown.
Dental Clinic “Glamsmile” treats caries with the help of advanced medicine technologies. The modern treatment of caries is carried out without pain, without anesthesia, effectively and sterile. This is possible by using diode and erbium lasers using a unique technology, which is the standard in world dentistry.